Robert Alexander Schumann was a German composer and influential music critic. Paris : Editions Cujas. [20] The house where he was born was restored by the European Parliament and can be visited, as can his home in Scy-Chazelles just outside Metz. [1] The 1964–1965 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour. [14] He commended the writings of Pope Pius XII, who condemned both fascism and communism but whose leadership of the Catholic Church during the war remain the subject of controversy, including allegations of public silence and inaction about the fate of the Jews. Hostiou, Rene. [15] He was an expert in mediaeval philosophy,[14] especially the writings of St Thomas Aquinas,[16] and he thought highly of the philosopher Jacques Maritain, a contemporary.[17]. He presided over the European Movement from 1955 to 1961. Schuman also supported an Atlantic Community. [6][7] On 24 July 1945, Schuman wrote to Charles de Gaulle to ask him to intervene. In the nearby Cinquantenaire Park, there is a bust of Schuman as a memorial to him. It was thought – correctly – that merging of economic interests would help raise standards of living and be th… He was interrogated by the Gestapo but the intervention of a German lawyer stopped him from being sent to Dachau concentration camp. The 19th century saw feudal ideas being opposed and, with the rise of a national spirit, nationalities asserting themselves. MLA Citation. A National Geographic legfrissebb cikkei robert schuman témában. Schuman was a Christian Democrat (Popular Republican Movement) political thinker and activist. He received his medical degree from Duke University School of Medicine. The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. In Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg, there is a Rue Robert Schuman. He was born on Nov. 22, 1929, in Baraboo, the son of Alfred and Alice (Werner) Schumann. Robert Schumann, in full Robert Alexander Schumann, (born June 8, 1810, Zwickau, Saxony [Germany]—died July 29, 1856, Endenich, near Bonn, Prussia [Germany]), German Romantic composer renowned particularly for his piano music, songs (lieder), and orchestral music. Dr. Robert Schuman received his BA from the University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated with high honors. Robert Schuman (1886-1963), French Prime Minister. Together with intergovernmental machinery of later treaties, they eventually evolved into the European Union. When the war broke out in 1914, he was called up for the auxiliary troops by the German army in Metz but was excused from military service on health grounds. Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman was a Luxembourg-born French statesman. Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. On 9 May 1950, the principles of supranational democracy were announced in what has become known as the Schuman Declaration. Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ ʃuman]; 29 June 1886 – 4 September 1963) was a Luxembourg-born French statesman. Robert Schuman est né à Luxembourg, le 29 juin 1886 ; sa mère était luxembourgeoise et avait épousé un Lorrain qui s'était soustrait à l'annexion de l'Alsace-Lorraine par l'Allemagne en 1870, en allant s'établir dans le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, à quelques kilomètres d'Évrange, son village natal. His father, Jean-Pierre Schuman (d.1900), who was a native of Lorraine and was born a French citizen but became a German citizen when Lorraine was annexed by Germany in 1871, and he left to settle in Luxembourg, not far from his native village of Evrange. En 1871, après l'annexion d'une partie de la Lorraine par l'Allemagne, il devient allemand. Wikipedia Citation [8] Becoming Foreign Minister in 1948, he retained the post in different governments until early 1953. In 1958, he received the Karlspreis,[12] an Award by the German city of Aachen to people who contributed to the European idea and European peace, commemorating Charlemagne, the ruler of what is now both France and Germany, who lived in and is buried at Aachen. ROBERT SCHUMAN AWARD 2020; The Educational Service of the CERS - National Accreditation of the French Ministry of National Education - Accreditation "Youth and popular education". Schuman had been a former minister of Pétain and a parliamentarian who had voted to grant him full powers and so, under the ordinance of 26 August 1944, he was considered ineligible for public office, stricken with indignité nationale. Thanks for Liking. Schuman was a Christian Democrat (Popular Republican Movement) political thinker and activist. Schuman later served as Minister of Justice before becoming the first President of the European Parliamentary Assembly (the successor to the Common Assembly), which bestowed on him by acclamation the title 'Father of Europe'. [11] The text was jointly prepared by Paul Reuter, the legal adviser at the Foreign Ministry and his aide Bernard Clappier [fr] and Jean Monnet and two of his team, Pierre Uri and Etienne Hirsch. It proposed to place French and West German production of coal and steel under one common High Authority. After the First World War, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, and Schuman became a French citizen in 1919. The Treaties of Rome (1957) created the Economic Community and the nuclear non-proliferation Community, Euratom. The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity. Dr. Schuman completed his residency and fellowship in Gastroenterology at Cornell University Medical Center, The New York Hospital and Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. A Social Science University named after him lies in Strasbourg (France) along with the Avenue du President Robert Schuman in that city's European Quarter. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. (Schuman's was one of the few governments to send active ministers.) Robert schuman 1. In September 1944, General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, the commander of the French First Army, sought him out to become a political advisor in the affairs of Alsace-Lorraine, the minister of war, Andre Diethelm [fr], demanded shortly later that "this product of Vichy be immediately kicked out". The 1964–1965 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour. The Schuman District of Brussels (including a metro/railway station and a tunnel, as well as a square) is named in his honour. I enjoyed and learned a lot from working on Robert's team. The Schuman Declaration is a statement made by French foreign minister Robert Schuman on 9 May 1950. In 1919, he was first elected as a member of the Chamber of Deputies on a regional list and later served as the deputy for Thionville (Moselle) until 1958, with an interval during the war. He became active in the … Australian/Harvard Citation. Our hope is that Germany will commit itself on a road that will allow it to find again its place in the community of free nations, commencing with that European Community of which the Council of Europe is a herald. [9] This supranational structure, he said, would create lasting peace between Member States. The European spirit signifies being conscious of belonging to a cultural family and to have a willingness to serve that community in the spirit of total mutuality, without any hidden motives of hegemony or the selfish exploitation of others. Kinderscenen (Op.15) - Sequencer Unknown Von Fremden Ländern und Menschen - About Foreign Lands and People, (Op.15 No.1) Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. The European Parliament awards the Robert Schuman Scholarship[18] for university graduates to complete a traineeship within the European Parliament and gain experience within the different committees, legislative processes and framework of the European Union. In Luxembourg there is a Rond Point Schuman,[19] Boulevard Robert Schuman, a school called Lycée Robert Schuman and a Robert Schuman Building, of the European Parliament. NFU Symphony Orchestra. When Schuman's first government had proposed the creation of a European Assembly, it made the issue a governmental matter for Europe, not merely an academic discussion or the subject of private conferences, like The Hague Congress of the European Movements earlier in 1948. Schuman's secondary schooling from 1896 to 1903 was at Athénée de Luxembourg, followed in 1904 by the Lycée impérial in Metz. The government council has given the green light for a project to build a tower on the Kirchberg site of the Robert Schuman hospital (HRS) and an annex to the Bohler Clinic. Robert Schuman, (born June 29, 1886, Luxembourg, Lux.—died Sept. 4, 1963, Metz, France), Luxembourgian-born French statesman who founded the European Coal and Steel Community and worked for economic and political unity designed to lead to the establishment of a “United States of Europe.”. The defensive principles of NATO's Article 5 were also repeated in the European Defence Community Treaty, which failed since the French National Assembly declined to vote its ratification. In 1952 Schuman was awarded with an honorary doctorate in the Netherlands, at the Katholieke Economische Hogeschool Tilburg, at present Tilburg University. He was a man of the borders who was born a German in 1896. The Roman church of the Middle Ages failed finally in its attempts that were inspired by humane and human preoccupations. Frankrijk. Bekijk het volledige profiel op LinkedIn om de connecties van Robert en vacatures bij vergelijkbare bedrijven te zien. The Schuman Declaration was made on 9 May 1950 and since then, 9 May is designated to be Europe Day. President van het Europees Parlement Robert Schumann door Minister president De , Bestanddeelnr 910-4474.jpg 2,626 × 3,304; 1.22 MB Robert Schuman et Mgr Angelo Roncalli.jpg 1,066 × 1,314; 1.14 MB Robert Schuman grave.jpg 1,704 × 2,272; 985 KB Schuman, a member of the French National Assembly from 1919, was arrested by the … At the signing of its Statutes at St James's Palace, London, on 5 May 1949, the founding states agreed to defining the borders of Europe based on the principles of human rights and fundamental freedoms that Schuman enunciated there. Schuman also signed the North Atlantic Treaty for France. ROBERT SCHUMAN A MAN WHO HAD A DREAM 2. They declared that date and the corresponding democratic, supranational principles to be the 'real foundation of Europe'. Twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building postwar European and trans-Atlantic institutions and was one of the founders of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO. fewer. He kept that position during the first Pétain government. Le père de Robert Schuman, Jean-Pierre Schuman (1837-1900), est né français de langue luxembourgeoise1 à Évrange, un village lorrain à la frontière franco-luxembourgeoise. European Workshops (at the Schuman House or at School) - Kindergarden & Elementary - Elementary & Middle School - Middle School & High School - High School Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 17 dec 2020 om 14:43. Tell us More. Schuman was Minister of Finance in 1946 and Prime Minister from 1947 to 1948. A quirky, problematic genius, he wrote some of the greatest music … View Robert Schumann's business profile as Senior Regional Philanthropy Officer at American National Red Cross. Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert (Robert) Schuman ( Luxemburg (stad), 29 juni 1886 - Scy-Chazelles, 4 september 1963) was een Frans christendemocratisch politicus . His commitment to public life was an apostolate choice. He was music's quintessential Romantic, always ardent, always striving for the ideal. The investment, at the expense of the hospital fund, amounts to €148.5m. Robert Schuman et l'Europe Editions Cujas Paris 1969. In 1965, the Robert Schuman Mittelschule in the St. Mang suburb of the city of Kempten in southern Bavaria was named after him. Determined to prevent another such terrible war, European governments concluded that pooling coal and steel production would – in the words of the Declaration – make war between historic rivals France and Germany "not merely unthinkable, but materially impossible". De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. Bekijk het profiel van Robert Schuman op LinkedIn, de grootste professionele community ter wereld. The French government agreed to the Schuman Declaration, which invited the Germans and all other European countries to manage their coal and steel industries jointly and democratically in Europe's first supranational Community, with its five fundamental institutions. Next to Robert Schumann - 210! As Foreign Minister, he announced in September 1948 and the next year, before the United Nations General Assembly, France's aim to create a democratic organisation for Europe, which a post-Nazi and democratic Germany could join. Robert Schumann's entire being was music, informed by dream and fantasy. The Robert Schuman Institute in Budapest, Hungary, a European level training institution of the European People's Party family is dedicated to promoting the idea of a united Europe, supporting and the process of democratic transformation in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe and the development of Christian Democratic and centre right political parties also bears the name of Robert Schuman. [4] Schuman also investigated and patiently uncovered postwar corruption in the Lorraine steel industries and in the Alsace and the Lorraine railways, which were bought for a derisory price by the powerful and influential de Wendel family in what he called in the Parliament "a pillage".[5]. When World War II began, Schuman was a junior minister in the French government. He initially had difficulties because of his 1940 vote for Petain and for being one of his ministers. His mother, Eugénie Suzanne Duren, (d. 1911), was a Luxembourger. [22], This article is about the French statesman. On 10 July, he voted to give full power Marshal Philippe Pétain, who supported the armistice with Germany, but refused to continue to be in the government. The European University Institute in Florence, Italy, is home to the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS), focusing on "inter-disciplinary, comparative, and policy research on the major issues on the European integration process".[21]. In 1950, the nations of Europe were still struggling to overcome the devastation wrought by World War II, which had ended 5 years earlier. Hostiou, Rene. Robert Schumann was een Duitse componist, pianist, dirigent en muziekcriticus in de periode van de romantiek. Schuman was born in June 1886 in Clausen, Luxembourg, having his father's German citizenship. It develops research on the European Union and its policies and promotes the content of these in France, Europe and abroad. He also completed training at Mt. Our century, that has witnessed the catastrophes resulting in the unending clash of nationalities and nationalisms, must attempt and succeed in reconciling nations in a supranational association. [13], Schuman was intensely religious and a Bible scholar. MADISON/MCFARLAND – Robert W. Schumann, age 91, passed away on Sunday, Sept. 13, 2020, at Agrace HospiceCare. From 1915 to 1918, he served in the administration of the Boulay district.[3]. I wholeheartedly recommend Robert for any technical management role. Audacious minds, such as Dante, Erasmus, Abbé de St-Pierre, Rousseau, Kant and Proudhon, had created in the abstract the framework for systems that were both ingenious and generous. On 14 September, he was arrested for acts of resistance and protest against Nazi methods. Sinai Medical Center as a member of the Live… The proposal saw life as the Council of Europe and was created within the tight schedule Thar Schuman had set. [2], In 1912, Schuman set up practice as a lawyer in Metz. Like voting is closed. Robert Schuman, 'father of Europe' creator of the European Union Schuman Project, the origin, purpose and future of the supranational European Community News and Research on Europe highlighting Robert Schuman's political, economic, philosophical contribution from the independent Schuman Project Directed by David H Price. As Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Schuman was instrumental in the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). The Robert Schuman Foundation, created in 1991 and acknowledged by State decree in 1992, is the main French research centre on Europe. 1969, Robert Schuman et l'Europe Editions Cujas Paris. In Aix-en-Provence, a town in Bouches-du-Rhone, France, there is an Avenue Robert Schumann, which houses the three university buildings of the town and in Ireland there is a building in the University of Limerick named the "Robert Schuman" building. The title of one of these systems became the synonym of all that is impractical: Utopia, itself a work of genius, written by Thomas More, the Chancellor of Henry VIII, King of England. Robert Schumann was a German composer and critic born in Zwickau on June 8, 1810. Sitter in 1 portrait. He made a major contribution to the drafting and the parliamentary passage of the reintroduction of the French Civil and Commercial Codes by the French parliament, when the Alsace-Lorraine region, then under German rule and thus German law, returned to France. Schuman became active in French politics. Pierre Pflimlin, Visum (samengesteld door de redactie van de Winkler Prins Encyclopedieën) - Moderne Gezinsencyclopedie deel 7 (S-T-U), 1967, Amsterdam/Brussel - Elsevier, blz 69, Visum (samengesteld door de redactie van de Winkler Prins Encyclopedieën)- Moderne Gezinsencyclopedie deel 7 (S-T-U), 1967, Amsterdam/Brussel - Elsevier, blz 69, Minister van Buitenlandse Zaken van Frankrijk, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Schuman&oldid=57770991, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. A biography of Robert Schuman cannot ignore the importance his faith played in enlightening his life, and the way he behaved as a Catholic. Robert Schumann (German: ; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic.He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. The Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies is an inter-disciplinary research centre at the heart of the European University Institute. View Robert Schumann's business profile as National Account Manager at USA Truck Inc. Find contact's direct phone number, email address, work history, and more. Concert In two days. He assured parliamentary stability during a period of revolutionary strikes and attempted insurrection. The man behind the Declaration, Robert Schuman, was German by birth but became a French citizen in 1919, after Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. From 1904 to 1910, he studied law, economics, political philosophy, theology and statistics at the Universities of Berlin, Munich, Bonn and Strasbourg, and received a law degree with the highest distinction from Strasbourg University. In the last days of his first administration, his government proposed plans that later resulted in the Council of Europe and the European Community single market. Married to Clara Schumann. Robert heeft 7 functies op zijn of haar profiel. The statesman Robert Schuman, aqualified lawyer and French foreignminister between1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of thefounding fathers of European unity.Schuman was born in Luxembourg andwas influenced by his background in theFrench-German border region. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. The harmonisation of the regional law with the French law was called "Lex Schuman". Around the square ("Schuman roundabout") can be found various European institutions, including the Berlaymont building which is the headquarters of the European Commission and has a monument to Schuman outside, as well as key European Parliament buildings. Three communities have been created so far. Twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building postwar European and trans-Atlantic institutions and was one of the founders of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO. Robert ensures everyone feels heard, valued, and productive as they drive toward their shared purpose. This organization would be open to participation of other Western European countries. [10] In 1949 and 1950, he made a series of speeches in Europe and North America about creating a supranational European Community. Another idea, that of a world empire constituted under the auspices of German emperors was less disinterested; it already relied on the unacceptable pretensions of a 'Führertum' (domination by dictatorship) whose 'charms' we have all experienced. Robert Schuman et l'Europe. He also announced a coming supranational union for Europe that saw light as the European Coal and Steel Community and other such Communities within a union framework of common law and democracy: We are carrying out a great experiment, the fulfillment of the same recurrent dream that for ten centuries has revisited the peoples of Europe: creating between them an organization putting an end to war and guaranteeing an eternal peace. Robert Schuman, 170 – 71; and René Lejeune, Robert Sch uman, père de l’Europe, 135-138. De Gaulle answered favourably, and on 15 September, Schuman regained his full civic rights,[7] becoming able to again play an active role in French politics. Schuman was also made a knight of the Order of Pius IX. For the German composer, see, First ministry (24 November 1947 – 26 July 1948), (in English, German, Spanish, and French), Learn how and when to remove this template message, President of the European Parliamentary Assembly, Social Science University named after him, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Christian Democrat Organization of America, History of the European Coal and Steel Community (1945–57), "About the EU – European Union – European Commission", "Biography – Robert Schuman centre – CERS", "Conférence à l'occasion du 60e anniversaire de la Déclaration Schuman : Fondation d'une gouvernance en Europe – Europaforum Luxembourg", "Schuman's speech at Strasbourg, announcing the coming supranational European Community", "Schuman's speeches at the UN 1948 and 1949", "Charlemagne Prize Laureate 1958 Robert Schuman", Encyclopædia Britannica Online – Reflections on the Holocaust: Further Reading, "Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies", "Homepage der Robert-Schuman-Mittelschule Sankt Mang", Video of the Schuman Declaration of the creation of the ECSC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Schuman&oldid=982238914, Popular Democratic Party (France) politicians, Members of the 12th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 13th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 14th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 15th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 16th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the Constituent Assembly of France (1945), Members of the Constituent Assembly of France (1946), Deputies of the 1st National Assembly of the French Fourth Republic, Deputies of the 2nd National Assembly of the French Fourth Republic, Deputies of the 3rd National Assembly of the French Fourth Republic, Deputies of the 1st National Assembly of the French Fifth Republic, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Articles needing additional references from July 2010, All articles needing additional references, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Robert Schuman – President of the Council, Robert Schuman – President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs, This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 23:21. La mère de Robert Schuman, Eugénie Duren (1864-1911), une Luxembourgeoise née à Bettembourg, acquiert la nationalité allemande lors de son mariage avec Jean-Pierre Sc… After the war, Schuman rose to great prominence. On 18 April 1951, six founder members signed the Treaty of Paris, which formed the basis of the European Coal and Steel Community. In 1940, because of his expertise on Germany, Schuman was called to become a member of Paul Reynaud's wartime government to be in charge of the refugees. “ Robert was my manager for nearly two years at Zehitomo. This would safeguard the diversities and aspirations of each nation while coordinating them in the same manner as the regions are coordinated within the unity of the nation. He is considered one of the founding fathers of the European Union. Find contact's direct phone number, email address, work history, and more. R. (Robert) Schuman - Hoofdinhoud bron: European Commission Audiovisual Library Als inwoner van een gebied dat centraal stond in drie oorlogen tussen Frankrijk en Duitsland was hij na 1945 doordrongen van de noodzaak om tot samenwerking te komen tussen beide landen. Robert Schuman Centre, Centre for Advanced Studies : 1999-2000 by European University Institute ( Book ) more. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi